The majority of the world’s population is in danger of contracting a mosquito-borne illness. Mosquito-borne illnesses account for the majority of the vector-borne disease burden in humans. Even though many global processes are involved, research too far has placed a premium on the influence of climate change.
This research should not be limited to examining the impact of climate change alone but should also review the increasing body of data supporting other risk factors for illness. Future research should include novel technologies to understand better and control mosquito-borne diseases in a changing environment.
This article contains a list of the most common mosquito-borne diseases.
Malaria is one of the oldest diseases known to man and records as one of the world’s top killers. Female Anopheles mosquitoes deliver the malaria parasite and affect a large proportion of the world’s population, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. High living standards, along with public health measures, have mainly confined malaria transmission to tropical areas.
Annually, experts record millions of fatalities and illnesses worldwide. Malaria is estimated to kill one kid every 40 seconds. Age is a significant risk factor for severe malaria: children in malaria-endemic regions acquire immunity to severe malaria more quickly than they develop immunity to parasite load reduction. By staying in locations with efficient air conditioning and screening on windows and doors, we may help to slow the global spread of malaria.
If you are not staying in an air-conditioned apartment, sleep under an intact, insecticide-treated mosquito net.
Additionally, you may use mosquito repellent on the skin and in living areas along with Backyard Mosquito Control Systems.
2. Yellow fever
Yellow fever is a hemorrhagic viral infection spread by infected mosquitoes. Only a tiny percentage of people infected with the virus develop severe symptoms. About half of those infected dies within seven to ten days. The virus is endemic in tropical Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean.
You can avoid contracting Yellow fever via the use of a highly effective vaccination that is both safe and cheap. At times, visitors visiting yellow fever-endemic areas may carry the illness back to countries where yellow fever is not endemic. Several nations demand evidence of yellow fever vaccination before issuing visas, mainly if travelers originate from or have visited yellow fever endemic regions to avoid such disease importation.
We can decrease Yellow fever transmission risk in urban areas by removing possible mosquito breeding sites, such as water containers and other locations with standing water.
Chikungunya is a fatal viral illness spread via the bite of infected mosquitoes. It may result in an elevated temperature, joint and muscular discomfort, and headaches. However, there is no known therapy for the illness. One would need to relax and drink plenty of water till the symptoms subside.
Sadly there is currently no vaccination available to protect against chikungunya virus infection. The most effective method to avoid contracting chikungunya is to prevent mosquito bites. Utilize insect repellent, long-sleeved shirts, and pants, and take measures to prevent mosquitoes inside and out using available mosquito control methods.
4. Zika virus
Infected mosquito bites spread the deadly Zika virus. Mild symptoms include fever, joint muscle discomfort, and rash. Sadly, there is no vaccination available to protect against the virus.
Zika is a mosquito-borne illness for which there is no vaccine or treatment. The best and most effective way of prevention is to avoid or repel mosquitoes. The illness necessitates hospitalization. Zika transmission during pregnancy causes severe birth abnormalities and other pregnancy complications.
5. Lymphatic filariasis
This illness is commonly known as elephantiasis. Mosquitos spread filarial parasite worms that look like threads that cause the disease. It wreaks havoc on the lymphatic system, resulting in bloated, aching limbs.
Additionally, lymphatic damage may result in repeated infection episodes. Preventing infection spread via yearly preventive chemotherapy using safe medication combinations can eradicate the disease. Avoid going outside in the dark or morning when filariasis-transmitting mosquitoes are most active. Dress in long-sleeved shirts and pants.
Experts should increase public knowledge of mosquito-borne diseases and promote the battle against them by disseminating mosquito control concepts. It is always better to prevent a calamity. The above conditions can be stopped by simply eradicating mosquitoes.